The whiskey sour is a mixed drink containing whiskey, lemon juice, sugar, and optionally, a dash of egg white or cocktails foamer. Spirit, citrus and sugar combined to form the classic sour, one of the oldest types of cocktails. With the egg white, it is sometimes called a Boston Sour. The oldest historical mention of a whiskey sour was published in the Wisconsin newspaper, Waukesha Plain Dealer, in 1870.
A pisco sour is an alcoholic cocktail of Peruvian origin that is typical of the cuisines from Peru and Chile. The drink's name comes from pisco, which is its base liquor, and the cocktail term sour, in reference to sour citrus juice and sweetener components. The cocktail as it is known today was invented in the early 1920s in Lima, the capital of Peru, by the American bartender Victor Vaughen Morris.
The New York Sour is a cocktail similar to the whiskey sour, but it adds a float of dry red wine to the drink. The New York Sour is one of those cocktails that is relatively simple to execute, yet looks impressive and tastes complex. The Whiskey Sour comes from the mid-19th century and is believed to have first appeared in print in the 1862 edition of the famed "Jerry Thomas Bartenders Guide."
The Cloister is a cocktail with gin, grapefruit juice, lemon juice, and chartreuse. The cocktail first appeared in 1971 in the Playboy Bartender’s Guide. The monastic name comes from the use of the yellow Chartreuse, the complex herbal liqueur made by the Carthusian monks, in France.
The gin sour is a classic cocktail made with gin, lemon juice, and sugar that predates Prohibition in the United States. Adding club soda water to the mix turns it into a gin fizz. The egg white is optional but adds a beautiful layer of foamy texture atop the drink, which you can then decorate with bitters. Usually 2-3 drops of Angostura bitters. This sour is light, refreshing, and with a lot of character, one of the original cocktails of its kind appreciated in a similar manner since the late 1800s.
The Pegu Club is a gin-made cocktail that was the signature beverage of Burma's Pegu Club. The club was called after the Pegu, a Burmese river. The first occurrence of the cocktail was in Harry of Ciro's book ABC of Mixing Cocktails from the 1920s. As the composition goes, the drink it's a Gin Sour but without the egg whites and with the addition of bitters.
Pink gin is a gin-based cocktail that appeared in England in the mid-19th century. It's made with Plymouth Gin which has 57 percent alcohol by volume and a dash of Angostura bitters. The dark red bitters make the whole beverage pinkish. A lemon twist is also generally used as a garnish, to subtly complement the flavor with the citrus oils. Pink gin is believed to have been created by members of the Royal Navy. This type of gin, Plymouth gin is much sweeter as opposed to London gin which is dry.
The Queens Cocktail is a gin-based cocktail similar to the Perfect Martini( with the addition of pineapple juice and occasionally lemon juice). Is also similar to the popular Bronx, which contains orange juice rather than pineapple. The first apparition traces back to 1930, in Harry Craddock's Savoy Cocktail Book, and is named after New York city's five boroughs.