The Martinez is a classic cocktail that is widely regarded as the direct precursor to the Martini. It serves as the basis for many modern cocktails, and several different versions of the original exist. The true origin of the Martinez cocktail is unclear. Two early stories attribute the making of a cocktail named the Martinez to bartender Jerry Thomas at the Occidental Hotel.
The sidecar is a cocktail traditionally made with cognac, orange liqueur, plus lemon juice. In its ingredients, the drink is perhaps most closely related to the older Brandy Crusta, which differs both in presentation and in proportions of its components. The exact origin of the sidecar is unclear, but it is thought to have been invented around the end of World War I in either London or Paris. The drink was directly named for the motorcycle attachment, which was very commonly used back then.
The Hanky-Panky is a cocktail made from gin, sweet vermouth, and Fernet-Branca, an Italian digestivo which is the star of this recipe. It was created by Ada Coleman, head bartender at the Savoy Hotel, London somewhere between 1903 and 1923. It was served initially to Sir Charles Henry Hawtrey (1858 to 1923), an actor and writer.
The Tipperary is a cocktail made with Irish whiskey, sweet red Vermouth, green Chartreuse, and Angostura bitters. Though perhaps less mainstream than some of its fellow classic cocktails, the Tipperary has been around for quite some time. It first appeared in the 1916 printing of "Recipes for Mixed Drinks" by Hugo R. Ensslin.